Plums contain compounds that naturally regulate digestion and have been used throughout the centuries to alleviate certain ailments. Dried plums – a.k.a. prunes, are a tried-and-true way to help your bowel do its work (each prune has one gram of fiber). Plums rank low on the glycemic index, and thus help control blood sugar and reduce the risk of Type 2 Diabetes. They are also rich in vitamin C, fluoride, iron and potassium, a mineral that helps manage high blood pressure and reduce stroke risk.
A relic of human horticulture, the plum is likely one of the first fruits to be domesticated by humans. Evidence dates back to the Neolithic Period; plum remains have been excavated at archaeological sites associated with this era.
The smallish fruit is firm and juicy, with a single large seed. Plum peel is smooth and slightly tart, often with a natural white waxy coating. Though dozens of plum species exist, only a select few are marketed commercially.